ANSTO is subject to the provisions of various Commonwealth Acts, Regulations made under these various Acts and Commonwealth Awards. The principal Act is the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation Act 1987 (ANSTO Act) which details the organisation's functions, powers, Board, Chief Executive Officer's duties, staffing, finance and other roles and responsibilities. 

The Act (No. 3 of 1987 as amended) and taking into account amendments up to Act No. 46 of 2011, as prepared by the Office of Legislative Drafting and Publishing, Attorney-General's Department, Canberra (27 December 2011) and can be found on the Federal Register of Legislation website.